Terahertz Communications

Current communication networks use carrier frequencies up to 10 GHz, and its these carrier frequencies that ultimately limit the bandwidth of a wireless connection. To support the ever increasing demand for wireless bandwidth, these carrier frequencies will need to be increased. One option is to move to the terahertz spectrum, which is defined to be between 300 GHz and 30 THz, to support wireless communication with ultra-high bandwidths. This transition requires significant technological innovation as new devices and models need to be created to access the terahertz spectrum.

To support this technological transition, the IOL focuses on free-space optics and devices for terahertz communication networks. This includes free space optical and electronic modulators, and custom composite materials for low-loss optical elements in the terahertz spectrum.